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LIVING LABORATORY FOR KIDS - YOUR BACKYARD
BENEFITS OF A BACKYARD LIVING LABORATORY FOR KIDS
Last year 45 kids ages 5-12 came to visit our" backyard living lab" which is a wildlife sanctuary and small raised bed vegetable garden. Only 6 of these children had ever seen a garden. They were there to "obsercve and interact" with the green plants, the insects, and to dig up, clean, remove the insects, and eat a cabbage. They saw tomatoes, cucumbers, squash, onions, spinach and other vegetables growing in containers as well as in the garden itself. They got really excited at the insects which were also eating the cabbage they would eat. So began the mini - lesson on insects. This was real and "exciting hands - on learning!"
To help them remember that lesson,they learned the "Insect Rap" so they would always know how to identify an insect. Afterward they began to find organisms such as sowbugs and spiders which are not insects. It became a "Treasure Hunt" as they compared difference in insect and non- insect body parts. See how to do the rap at the end of this webpage.
They learned how to collect rainwater from the roof in barrels for the plants when it does not rain. They watched a garden spider weave her web. They saw butterflies feeding on some over-ripe plums. They heard their buzz and observed bees flying from flower to flower gathering nectar and pollen, then moving on to pollinate other flowers.
Until it moved, we thought this insect was a leaf!
Among the flying insects they observed how some butterflies were camouflaged so when they landed they looked like a small dead brown leaves!
This compost heap is just behind the small garden. Chicken wire sides work great. Keep it moist.
They visited "The Compost Heap" to see how plant material is recycled to make rich humus to put back on the soil. "Reduce, reuse, recycle", these words were added to their vocabulary.
Songbird Sanctuary is a place of bird song, peace, and harmony.
They saw the beauty and felt the peace of the small wildlife sanctuary as they observed the birds feeding and drinking water. Bird songs filled the air. They watched the birds building their nests for their eggs so they could have baby birds. Looking up into the trees they saw two squirrels chasing each other across the tree line.
All of these "exciting experiences in the garden" and sancturary happen when you help develop a "backyard living lab" for your kids.
As they were preparing to leave I asked them how many would be interested in making their own backyard like this one. Eagerly most of them raised their hands. That is why I am giving some directions for doing this on this webpage. It is our hope that parents will help and support their children as the children engage in the projects.
Our website address is: www.free-energy-env-exp4kids.com On the website there is a menu of "high interest actiities and experiments." A wide range of kid's experiments give kids the opportunity to build "critical thinking and problem solving skills" as they begin to learn" how our amazing planet works."
Kid's cabbage - the first thing they noticed was larger leaves had been chewed and partly eaten. As they explored farther they found the green insect larvae, "the cabbage worm" chewing away! " Insects have to eat too," I said.. Reluctantly they agreed. "Really this is not like buying a cabbage at the supermarket,"!they replied.
A Backyard Living Laboratory is a child's habitat where daily, children observe the interaction of light, water, soil, and space on the activities of plants, animals, and insects. As they observe, work, and interact in their own backyard laboratory, their knowledge and skill base will surge. They will want to use the computer to do research to answer some of their questions. This hands-on learning and these skills will serve them well in school and all their lives.
Kids gathered fresh vegetable from the garden. They commented on the good fresh smell, and the firm texture and beautiful colors.
"Kids eat what they grow!" "Green places and good health" go together. A Saturday morning cup of coffee or tea is fine as you spend time with your children outdoors and they show you all they have seen and done. You may be invited to a "breakfast with butterflies." When the potatoes they planted in February are ready to harvest they may have a "Breakfast With Friends" in the garden"- sanctuary. Imagine them serving french fries and a fresh green salad from potatoes and salad greens they helped grow!
Summer boredom disappears as your kids" develop self-confidence." This happens as your kids "develop responsibility." Expect some mistakes as kids learn. Cause and effect are in full bore press in these experiences. If the kids forget to pull the weeds, water when needed, thin plants that are too close together --- then the garden will not be as successful. They will learn from their mistakes. You are there to "share amazing experiences" with your kids as you learn together. Growing in being responsible is a process achieved over time. Patience and encouragement are important.
Having read of many things which may happen, "ARE YOU READY TO BEGIN?"
ADDING A BIRD SANCTUARY
1. Visit website www.savethesongbirds.com for help. Their goal is to save 50,000 acres of songbird habitat through the "Save the Songbirds Program."
2. A space no larger than 10'x15 feet will do. If you can set aside more space that is much better! Birds need a safe habitat, shelter, water, and food.
3. The shelter is a combination of trees, bushes, shrubs, bird houses and bird boxes. These plants may take a couple of years to grow. Shrubs and bushes grow much faster than trees. Choose plants songbirds like. Visit your local nursery and buy only drought-resistant plants. My favorite bird is the mocking bird. They love people and will live with you, reproduce, and sing for you many days during the growing season.
4. An upside down garbage can lid may be used to hold water. Just clean it out and refill as needed. Keep it up off the ground to protect birds from cats, etc. You can buy a water holder on a stand for a few dollars as well.
5. Bird feeders may be built using 2 liter cardboard milk cartons. Make perches by making small holes on each side of the container for each 2 perches, and pass small rods through the holes. Just above the perches make larger holes so birds land on the perch and eat food from that holes. Open up the top. Put in bird seed, then close and staple the top. Attach wire or string to the very top and hang up on a bush, tree, or stand. Or go to the internet for information on cheap "homemade bird - feeders. Or buy a couple already made. If your bushes produce seeds or berries this supplies some food. You may supplement this with bird food purchased at the store. Many songbirds love sunflower seeds.
Bird houses or bird boxes are easy to build or they may be purchased. I like to snuggle them behind bushes on the wooden fence for privacy. Some birds will build nests in the bushes and in the trees. They don't want predator birds to see them when they are nesting.
6. I like to have a table and some chairs in the sanctuary so we can sit around it and take in the quiet beauty and feel the peace of these small green places. A hammock is nice. This is your "SANCTUARY". It is a safe place for all of you. It is a great stress reducer. "Autistic children thrive in the garden" - sanctuary. Walk away from the many distractions of life and feed your soul in this quiet place.
7. Every one of the "Kid's Ecology," "SPICE" concepts may be taught and practiced here and in the garden. Go to the home page menu and click on "Kid's Ecology" to learn how to help your kids do this. A book I wrote "Pink Hat's Adventures with Seagulls Hats and Dancing Feet" which goes with this page may be downloaded for $4.95 on my website. Address: www.free-energy-env-exp4kids.com
ADDING THE CHLDREN'S GARDEN
This is my 12 ft.x15 ft. raised bed garden built on a slope. Songbird Sanctuary is off to the right. Both are tucked in at the back side of our small yard in an urban subdivision.
1. Practical Benefits - You may choose to use only natural pesticides like soapy water and hot pepper flakes to help control insects. You may choose to use blood and bone meal as fertilizer and make the garden organic. Eating food from such a garden while it is fresh picked has a great health benefit for everyone. Recent violent storms and droughts are enough reason to seek to become more self-sustainable.
KEEP IT SMALL MANAGE IT WELL GIVE OWNERSHIP TO THE CHILDREN!
2. For a small beginning in small spaces, try container gardening. I grow tomatoes, herbs, climbing cucumbers on the patio and in the flower beds! They mix well with the marigolds and zinneas I plant in several places for insect control as well as for attracting pollinators to the garden. I put some flowers of this kind in the small vegetable garden also.
Patio Container Gardens
3. In early March I plant seeds for the salad garden, onions, and radishes. I plant salad seeds close together and by late March we are eating these baby greens as we thin the plants. These healthy, mild tasting salads are served every day. In late March I plant seeds of hardy marigolds and small zinneas in the small garden and in the flower beds. Harmful insects do not like these flowers.
Start bushes and/or trees in the wild bird sanctuary in early spring or late fall. Mulch and water them often, unless it rains, until they are fully established. To avoid fungus water only at the base of the plant. Mulch around these plants. Put out water and food for nesting birds.
4. DESIGN - There are many small garden designs but mine is a 12 ft. x 15 ft. raised bed garden. All plants were removed and we put down hardware cloth to keep roots or plants from coming up through the soil which was added later. (Because the yard is on a slope we had to build the back of the raised bed up so the garden was level.) We used treated wood, but paving stones or large bricks work just as well. We lined the inner walls with plastic which we stapled on to the wooden walls to keep water from leaking from the garden soil through the cracks between the wooden planks.
5. LIGHT/HEAT/WATER/SOIL - Our garden receives morning sun and mid-afternoon shade. This is ideal as Oklahoma gets very hot in July and August. The intense heat may cook the leaves. Thus we harvest more of our garden between April and July 1. In September we plant a fall garden of green salad seeds which perform well until around Christmas. After that we put the garden to rest for the rest of the winter after the plants are removed and mulch is laid down to help keep moisture in the soil protecting soil organisms.
WATER - We have placed plastic 50 gallon drums which are inter-connected with the water drain. A little valve is localed near the bottom of the barrel. If you have no drains just watch where most of the water comes off the roof during a rain and put your barrels there. It is usually where two sloping parts of the roof intersect. Here we can get rainwater to provide water, as needed, for the small raised bed garden and plant containers. This is called a "Water Cachment System" and they may be purchased for about $60 each or you can easily make your own. Free barrels and kits are given away every spring.
We put 5 cubic yards of good sandy loam top soil which was hauled in and placed in the garden box. Some people choose to remove all the grass and plant directly in the soil that is there. If you enrich the soil first with some good topsoil and nutrients such as blood and bone meal and manure, this works fine too. It just produces more weeds and grass and is harder to keep that out of the vegetable spaces. Putting a border around it helps some with that problem.
6. REDUCE - REUSE - RECYCLE All plant materials you do not eat are torn apart and composted.
Make a compost heap or bin at the beginning as follows: Set aside a space at least 3 ft. x 5 ft., line the bottom with hardware cloth to keep out tree roots, then build the sides of lattice work so air moves through the system.I put a layer of chicken wire around the sides to keep the composting material inside the bin. Put down a layer of plant material about 6 inches deep.
Cover that with a 1 or 2 inch layer of fertile topsoil, then cover that with a handful of blood and bone meal. Continue to make layers as you have more plant material to recycle. Keep the compost moist. Microscopic organisms in the top soil, insects, sowbugs, and other organisms will begin to eat the plant material. Their body waste and decay help to change the discarded plants into a rich black humus. It is good to use a pitch fork to turn over the mixture in the heap to speed up composting. A good schedule is every 2 weeks or once a month.
Add coffee, tea grounds and veggie bits from the kitchen. You may even tear up strips of paper and compost it with the other materials. Do not put meat in the compost heap. It stinks. You can put pet manure in it as well as other kinds of manure from chickens, pigs or other animals.
It is this compost which helps keep your garden soil productive for many years. That humus from the compost heap is added in the rows as we plant the seeds or seedlings. I also add a little blood and bone meal on top of the humus and mix it up, putting the seeds on last. Each spring I add about 4 bags of topsoil to my little garden but all the rest comes from the compost heap and the soil already in the garden. It is rather like taking care of a swimming pool where you use the same water for a long time by just adding a bit of fresh water for that which evaporates.
7. MAINTENANCE - In a raised bed garden there is not much maintenance. That makes it great for kids and senior citizens. Keep the garden watered as needed. Observe insects and remove the harmful ones you find. Expect insects to eat some of the plants or eat a part of the leaves. Spraying on soapy water on top and underneath leaves, or sprinkling hot pepper on the ground around the plants, or sprinkling a little wood ashes on the plant which clogs insects' breathing passages are all effective means to control insects.Remove and recycle plants which have completed reproduction and put them in the compost bin.
To keep the fungus off the leaves always water the plants from the bottom. I put a gallon jug with little holes in the bottom beside each larger plant, add a little sand on top of the holes, then fill the jug with water which slowly goes down to the roots where it is needed.
For several months a year "The Children's Garden" will produce fresh, delicious, healthful safe food. This food is touched by the kiss of the sun in your own backyard. If your children have owned it and cared for it, they will reap the strong, healthy, happy benefits expressed earlier. Just be sure you do the supervising of their work and help with internet research as they are learning how to have a good garden.
AS WINTER COMES - Remove the used up plants, recycle them in the bin, loosen the soil a little and put down mulch to hold the moisture as the soil rests for a few months. It also helps keep soil organisms like earth worms alive by keeping them warm.
THE INSECT RAP
Children use their own body parts to help them remember insect body parts as they say thewords of the rap in a sing song - funny as possible manner. Body movements match up with the words, as in holding up 6 fingers as the words "6 legs" are spoken. It is done slowly and with theatrical movement almost like a dance of celebration at the miracle of this bit of creation and organization of the insect.
1. An insect is an organism with 6 legs and 3 main body parts. (Kids hold up 6 fingers and 3 fingers at appropriate times.)
2. The 3 main body parts are the head, the thorax, and the abdomen. (For head put one hand on top of head, and one on chin.) (For thorax use hands to outline body part from bottom of neck to waistline.) For abdomen use hands to outline area from waistline to top of thighs.)
3. Most insects have two antennae, two pairs of wings, and a hard exoskeleton. (For antennae, use index finger to make extensions going out from the forehead.) (For 2 pairs of wings, place hands on waistline and flap arms up and down.) (For hard exoskeleton, use hands and arms to outline the entire body from head to toes.
4. Stages of insect dvelopement include the: egg - the larvae - the pupa - and the adult. (Make a circle with fingers for the egg.) (Make a worm of one finger and have it crawl in space for the larvae.) For the pupa which is the sleeping stage, lay one hand on top of the other, tuck both hands alongside your cheek and close your eyes while slanting your head to the left.) (For the adult, lift both hands and arms high into the air in a manner which celebrates this miracle of insect development and reproduction.)
Live strong, happy, healthy lives and enjoy the great outdoors. website: www.free-energy-env-exp4kids.com
Pat Kellogg Roller, Children's Science Specialist, Author, Wife, Mother, Grandmother, Great Grandmother, Volunteer
Weekly blog site: www.free-energy-env-exp4kids-blog.com
Web Site: www.free-energy-env-4kids.com
Note: All prices in US Dollars